“Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It is the most populous country in Africa. It is geographically located between the Sahel in the north and the Gulf of Guinea in the south. in the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of 923,769 square kilometers (356,669 sq mi), with a population of over 211 million. Nigeria borders Niger to the north, Chad to the northeast, the Cameroon to the east and Benin to the west.Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital Abuja is located.Nigeria’s largest city is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second in Africa.
Nigeria has been home to several indigenous pre-colonial states and kingdoms since the second millennium BCE, with the Nok civilization in the 15th century BCE marking the country’s first internal unification. The modern state grew out of British colonization in the 19th century, taking its current territorial form with the merger of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and the Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914 by Lord Lugard. The British established administrative and legal structures while practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms in the region of Nigeria. Nigeria became a formally independent federation on October 1, 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970, followed by a succession of democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships, until achieving stable democracy in the 1999 presidential election; the 2015 election was the first time an incumbent president lost re-election.
Nigeria is a multinational state inhabited by over 250 ethnic groups speaking 500 distinct languages, all identifying with a wide variety of cultures. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the west, and the Igbo in the east, together making up over 60% of the total population. The official language is English, chosen to facilitate linguistic unity at the national level. Nigeria’s constitution guarantees freedom of religion and simultaneously houses some of the largest Muslim and Christian populations in the world. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Muslims, who live mainly in the north, and Christians, who live mainly in the south; indigenous religions, such as those originating from the Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups, are in the minority.
Nigeria is a regional power in Africa, a middle power in international affairs and an emerging global power. Nigeria’s economy is the largest in Africa, the 25th in the world in terms of nominal GDP and the 25th in terms of PPP. Nigeria is often called the giant of Africa due to its large population and economy and is considered an emerging market by the World Bank. However, the country ranks very low on the Human Development Index and remains one of the most corrupt nations in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many international organizations including the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, NAM, Economic Community of West African States, and OPEC. It is also a member of the informal group of MINT countries and is part of the Next Eleven economies.
Newspapers published in Nigeria have a strong tradition of the principle of “publish and be damned” dating back to colonial times when the founding fathers of the Nigerian press such as Nnamdi Azikiwe, Ernest Ikoli, Obafemi Awolowo and Lateef Jakande used their newspapers to fight for independence.
Until the 1990s, most publications were government-owned, but private newspapers such as the Daily Trust, Nigerian Tribune, The Punch, Vanguard and the Guardian continued to expose public and private scandals despite attempts by the government to crack down. government.
Laws relating to the media, including newspapers, are scattered across various pieces of legislation. There are few good sources for discussion and analysis of these laws.
Some newspapers rely heavily on advertisements which may be placed by companies owned by powerful people. In some cases, this makes newspapers cautious about reporting details of crimes or alleged crimes, and sometimes they publish stories that clearly present corrupt individuals in a favorable light. An analysis of newspapers shows a strong bias towards coverage of men, reflecting widespread cultural biases. Few articles deal with women and there are few photographs of women outside the fashion sections. Although revenues have declined since the late 1980s, the number of publications has steadily increased. In 2008, there were more than 100 national, regional or local newspapers.
Online newspapers have become popular since the rise of internet accessibility in Nigeria; more than ten percent of the top fifty websites in the country are devoted to online newspapers. Due to improved mobile phone penetration and the growth of smartphones, Nigerians have started relying on the internet for information. Online newspapers have also been able to circumvent government restrictions because content can be shared without the need for physical infrastructure. The result has been a disruption of the traditional sources of information that have dominated the media industry. Recent online newspapers include Sahara Reporters, Ripples Nigeria and Premium Times.” – WIKIPEDIA
There are several newspapers in Nigeria such as Talkoon News, Lagos Mirror Daily Times, Star Naija, Tv (StarNT Nigeria), Sky News, Nigeria Tribune, Global Times Nigeria, Observer, Punch, The Tide, Nigeria Standard, Triumph, The Guardian, National Post, Naija News, Newswatch, Tell Magazine, TheNEWS magazine, PM News, This Day, Investors King, Complete Sports, Daily Trust, TheSun, Independent Nigeria, National Network, Next Leadership, Business Day, National Mirror, Nation, Uhuru Times , Peoples Daily, Online Newsdiary, Netng, TheCable, Premium Times, Blueprint Newspaper, Opinion Nigeria, Entertainment Express, Daylight Nigeria, New Telegraph, The Authority, Ripples Nigeria, Stears Business, Politics Nigeria, Daily Nigerian, The Periscope News, Sahara Reporters, News Round The Clock, The Informant247, Business Hallmark, Daily Champion, Daily Post Daily Star, Nigeria CommunicationsWeek, National Network (newspaper), New Nigerian, Nigerian Compass, Urhobo Vanguard, Thinkers Newspaper, N National Mirror, The News Journal, TheWill Newspaper, The ICIR, among others.